The list of famous Czechs is long and significant, extending well beyond the celebrity list of sports stars and actors (a celebrity is a nobody one has heard of; a famous person is a somebody who has achieved something of significance), and including writers Jaroslav Hašek, author of "The Good Soldier Švejk", Franz Kafka, Tom Stoppard and Milan Kundera, composers Gustav Mahler, Antonín Dvořák and Leoš Janáček, and Gregor Mendel, the founder of the science of genetics.
Alongside the spurious distinction of being the only major city in Europe to survive the 2nd World War virtually undamaged (Hitler protected it because he intended to transform it into a museum to the expired race of the Jews; the allies found no obvious strategic reason to bomb it), Prague bears the very distinct distinction of hosting the world's oldest astronomical clock that is still in working order. The Orloj, as it is properly called, was installed in 1410, on the southern wall of the Town Hall in the Old Town (the new town, the Hradčany which is Franz Kafka's "Castle", only became part of Prague in the 18th century); it includes an astronomical dial representing the sun and moon, a calendar dial whose parts represent the months, hour-hands depicting saints and demons, and several more layers of both clock and icon beyond these.
Marks For: 9
Marks Against: 1 (Prague as the sex capital of Europe; not that I'm against sex, but how sad that this is what a once-great city has come to - man metamorphosed into cockroach, you might say, just as K predicted).
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